Before beginning to write your literature review, it is essential to develop an outline. The outline will show the organization of your ideas and the order in which you plan to present them. Note the references you currently have for each topic and the topics that need further research before you write your final paper.
Create an outline of the ideas that you have gathered so far. This outline will serve as the structure for your paper. Therefore, it must be well organized and logical. With the assistance of your instructor, you will revise the outline as necessary for better structure or to include necessary but missing points in the argument or supportive research.
Included in this week’s Books & Resources is an example of an outline of literature related to programs on bullying in schools. Your literature review may be organized differently, as it will relate to the particular problem you are studying and its important points and aspects. You will also need to note at least three references for each subtopic you list. Submit your outline, along with a reference list that reflects the research you noted in your outline. Your faculty member will guide you concerning any improvements you need to make in the structure or content of your outline.
Length: 1-2 pages
Sample?of?Annotated?Outline? I. Introduction?to?problem?of?bullying?in?schools? A. Bullying?is?a?nationwide?problem? 1.?De?nition?of?bullying–US?department?of?Health???(2008)? ? 2.?Extent?of?bullying?–CDC (2009);?Child?Alive?(2007);Prison?Pipeline?(2010)?? B. Bullying?causes?human?su?ering? 1. E?ects?on?children?–Child?Welfare?Statistics?(2009)? a. Physical?e?ects—Long?and?West?(2007);??Angelo?(2007)? b. Psychological?e?ects—McLaughlin?(2006);?Jackson?(2005)? c. Impact?on?learning—no?data? 2. E?ects?on?families? a. Psychological?distress—Pinkerton?(2005);?Winkowski?(2007)? b. Economic?toll—US?Dept?of?Justice?(2009)? 3. Impact?on?schools? a. Economic?toll—US?Dept?of?Education(2010);?Texas?Commission ?on?Schools?(2009)? b. Impact?on?school?a]endance—no?data? c. Impact?on?overall?achievement—US?Dept?of?Education?(2008);? II. Programs?to?deal?with?bullying? A. School?based?programs? 1. Teacher?led? a. Programs?treating?children?accused?of?bullying? (1) ?Programs?aimed?at?girls?and?boys—D’Andrea?&? Caparelli?(2006)? (2) ?Programs?aimed?at?boys?only—Lu?and?Ying? (2007);?Smith?and?Johnson?(2008)? (3) ?Programs?aimed?at?girls?only—Alhadi?(2005);Lincoln?and?Baker?(2006)? b. Programs?teaching?coping?with?being?bullied—no?data? 2. Counselor?based?interventions?–Grayson?(2008)?more?needed?here? B. Community?based?programs? 1. Mental?health?center?programs—Finocchio?(2007);?Jackson,?Ferrari,?? &?Ruiz?(2010)? 2. Neighborhood?groups—Mughaddam?(2007);?O’Conner?(2003)? C. Law?enforcement?based?programs??no?resources?yet? D. Media?programs? 1. Children’s?television?programming—President’s?Council?on?Violence?in? Children’s?Programming?(2009)?? 2. Children’s?magazines—Calling?All?Girls;?Jack?and?Jill?magazines? 3. CD?and?DVDs?–more?research?needed?here? III. Summary?and?conclusions? A. Summary?of?the?research:?what?works?and?where? B. Directions?for?future?programs?and?research