List and describe the three branches of behavior analysis, including, if relevant, the years in which they were said to have begun, provide Baer, Wolf, and Risley’s (1968) definition of Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA), including the seven dimensions of ABA.
Provide a definition of reinforcement, including the distinction between positive and negative (and why the distinction may be unnecessary) reinforcement; the three (or more) dimensions of responding that can be selected; the general rules about temporal contiguity and magnitude; the distinction between primary (unconditioned) and secondary (conditioned) reinforcement; and the Premack principle.
Describe the four-term contingency, including naming and defining the relevant terms, and what the term “contingency” and “stimulus control” mean.
List and describe the five simple schedules of reinforcement, including a brief description of the typical rates and patterns of responding observed under each schedule.
Define punishment (including both positive and negative), and list the basic rules for implementing punishment for maximum results and minimum side effects.
Describe what is meant by aversive control, and describe the three different possible functions of stimuli referred to as “aversive.”
Define (the process of) extinction and describe (a) the distinction between procedural and functional variations of extinction; (b) the difference between extinction and forgetting; and (c) what an extinction burst is, including the various dimensions of responding that are affected.
State what differential reinforcement is (and why all instances of reinforcement are, in fact, differential), and what DRA, DRI, DRL (and DRH), and DRO are.
State what imitation (and generalized imitation) is, including the two main features necessary to define it.
Define shaping, including how differential reinforcement is involved, and what the “new” responses at each gradually changing criterion for reinforcement and the new response class that emerges are called.
Describe the difference between a behavior chain and chaining as a procedure.