a. Compare solids, liquids, and gases in terms of the way each substance’s volume changes (or doesn’t change) when placed into different containers. Explain each property in terms of the particle arrangement in that state.
b. A sample of gas is in a rigid container that cannot change volume. Use the kinetic molecular theory to explain how decreasing the temperature of the gas will affect the pressure in the container.
c. Describe the condition under which thermal energy will not naturally flow between objects.
d. Write one or two sentences to compare the types of energy that make up the internal energy of hydrogen gas, H2, with the internal energy makeup of helium gas, He.
e. Potential energy from intermolecular forces is included in the internal energies of substances in which states of matter?
f. What is the average velocity of atoms in 1.00 mol of krypton (a monatomic gas) at 65°C? For m, use 0.0838 kg.
g. What is the internal energy of 2.00 mol of diatomic nitrogen gas, N2, at 75°C?