Throughout Week 3, you learned about the role of race, gender, class, age, and mental illness on criminal offending. Various approaches to the interaction were explored, including sociological, criminological, psychological, and legal.
For this week’s assignment, you will write a brief research paper exploring the interaction of gender and/or race with the criminal justice system. Your paper should:
Explore one or both of the interactions listed above through the research provided in the text and at least two additional scholarly resources. Reflect on current events related to gender and/or race in the criminal justice system. Include specific cases to support your discussion.
Length: 3-5 pages
Your paper should demonstrate thoughtful consideration of the ideas and concepts presented in the course by providing new thoughts and insights relating directly to this topic. Your response should reflect scholarly writing and current APA standards. Be sure to adhere to Northcentral University’s Academic Integrity Policy.
Committee on Understanding Crime Trends. (2008). Understanding crime trends: Workshop report. Link You have viewed this topic
Sweeten, G., Piquero, A. R., & Steinberg, L. (2013). Age and the explanation of crime, revisited. Link Thompson, M. (2010). Mad or bad? Race, class, gender, and mental disorder in the criminal justice system. Link
J Youth Adolescence (2013) 42:921–938 DOI 10.1007/s10964-013-9926-4 EMPIRICAL RESEARCH Age and the Explanation of Crime, Revisited • • Gary Sweeten Alex R. Piquero Laurence Steinberg Received: 12 November 2012 / Accepted: 8 February 2013 / Published online: 15 February 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013 Abstract Age is one of the most robust correlates of including social control (e.g., employment and marriage), criminal behavior. Yet, explanations for this relationship procedural justice (e.g., perceptions of the legitimacy and are varied and con?icting. Developmental theories point to fairness of the legal system), learning (e.g., gang mem- a multitude of sociological, psychological, and biological bership and exposure to antisocial peers), strain (e.g., vic- changes that occur during adolescence and adulthood. One timization and relationship breakup), psychosocial maturity prominent criminological perspective outlined by Gott- (e.g., impulse control, self-regulation and moral disen- fredson and Hirschi claims that age has a direct effect on gagement), and rational choice (e.g., costs and rewards of crime, inexplicable from sociological and psychological crime). Assessed separately, these perspectives explain variables. Despite the attention this claim has received, few anywhere from 3 % (procedural justice) to 49 % (social direct empirical tests of it have been conducted. We use learning) of the age-crime relationship. Together, changes data from Pathways to Desistance, a longitudinal study of in these constructs explain 69 % of the drop in crime from over 1,300 serious youthful offenders (85.8 % male, ages 15 to 25. We conclude that the relationship between 40.1 % African-American, 34.3 % Hispanic, 21.0 % age and crime in adolescence and early adulthood is largely White), to test this claim. On average, youths were explainable, though not entirely, attributable to multiple 16.5 years old at the initial interview and were followed for…